Bhakti (Devotion), Gambhir (Serious), Karun (Sad, Compassionate), Shant (Serene, Peaceful), Shringar (Romantic)
is one of the oldest and most popular ragas. It is the representative for all Kouns types. This raga omits and . It has , , and as
komal. It is a serious raga and hence suited for Dhrupad, Khyal and such classical presentations. It allows exploration and resting around all the notes, so it is easy to be explored by beginners, yet offers abundant scope for presentations of meends and gamaks, thus can shine when experts explore it. In older literature it is referred as Malav Koushik.